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Home > Diseases and Conditions > Diabetic Kidney Disease

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Diabetic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease

Diabetic kidney disease is one of the most important complications of the patients with diabetes and the second cause of end stage kidney disease. So knowing something about this disease is necessary. And this article will tell you the basic knowledge of this disease.

What is Diabetic Kidney Disease?

Diabetic kidney disease, also known as diabetic nephropathy is a progressive kidney disease caused by angiopathy of capillaries in the kidney glomerular. It mainly happens among the people with a long history of diabetes. And in severe cases, it will develop into kidney failure.

Causes

Diabetic kidney disease can be caused by a certain genetic background and some of the following risk factors.

High blood sugar: long-term high blood sugar can increase the permeability of blood capillary and lead to damage to glomerular.

High blood pressure: Nearly all the diabetic kidney disease patients are diagnosed with high blood pressure. And and level of their blood pressure is closely related to the development of the illness.

High protein diet: this can aggravate the deteriorate of diabetic nephropathy.

Diagnosis

This kind of disease is often diagnosed according to diabetic history and proteinuria. A diabetic history, obvious high blood pressure or an excessive increase of GFR are all the risk factors of diabetic kidney disease. In addition, micro-albuminuria is another sign of this disease.

Prognosis

The prognosis of this disease is usually not very good and sometimes a serious of complications as follows are likely to happen.

*Hypoglycemia (due to decreased renal clearance of insulin)

*Hyperkalemia

*Severe high blood pressure

*Increased infections

The above is the introduction of Diabetic kidney disease, and if you suffer with this disease, go to the hospital to check the root cause and then take timely treatment in case it gets worse. Moreover, if you want to know more about this disease, please talk to our Online Doctor.

Have any questions? Please leave your question or comment below, we will try to attend you shortly (Within 24 hours). Please remember to leave your Full name, E-mail ID, Phone NO. and illness description so that our doctor give the correspending help! Free medical answers from professionals!

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Diabetic Kidney Disease Symptoms

In the early stage, there’s no obvious clinical symptoms. But as the disease improves, a serious of signs will occur. And this article is to introduce the main clinical symptoms of Diabetic kidney disease.

Protein in urine

This is often the first clinical sign of this disease. In the early stage, the protein in urine is discontinuous. While as the disease develops, more and more protein molecule will be excreted out, there will be persistent proteinuria in patients’ urine.

Edema

About half of the patients will have the symptoms of edema, which usually occur near the eyes when get up in the morning, and sometimes it may lead to edema in the legs and feet. Besides, it is often an indication of end stage Diabetic kidney disease.

High blood pressure

It often occurs in the patients with long-term protein in urine. Generally, the retention of water and sodium is the main cause. High blood pressure can promote the development of illness, so for the patients, controlling the blood pressure is of great importance.

Anemia

Anemia is usually due to the decline of red blood cells in blood. As the kidney function are damaged, it can not produce the erythropoietin as normal and then the kidneys will be in a station of anoxia and ischemia.

Loss of appetite

This is usually because of the accumulation of wastes and toxins in body. In severe case, patients can have the signs of nausea and vomiting.

Besides, it can lead to some other clinical symptoms such as fatigue, headache, frequent hiccups, malaise, unintentional weight gain and so on.

The above is about the introduction of main clinical symptoms of Diabetic kidney disease. And patients with the above signs should go to the doctor as soon as possible lest the illness gets worse. Also, you can Contact Us to get more information.

Have any questions? Please leave your question or comment below, we will try to attend you shortly (Within 24 hours). Please remember to leave your Full name, E-mail ID, Phone NO. and illness description so that our doctor give the correspending help! Free medical answers from professionals!

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Diabetic Kidney Disease

Up to now, Diabetic Kidney Disease has been the second cause of Kidney Failure. However, if treated as early as possible, it can be reversed. How is this disease treated? In clinical, we usually treat this disease in the following aspects.

Good control of your blood sugar

A high blood sugar can make the disease worse and promote the development of Kidney failure, so patients should control their blood sugar level to the normal level. In western medicine, insulin or some other related drugs are usually recommended to the patients.

Good control of your blood pressure

Blood pressure has an important effect the progress of this disease. Even a mild rise in blood pressure can quickly make kidney disease worsen. So patients should take some measures to lower their blood pressure. Generally, doctors will suggest to take blood pressure drugs called ACEI to lower high blood pressure. Besides, losing weight, eating less salt, avoiding alcohol and tobacco and getting regular exercise are good ways to lower your blood pressure.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy

This is a external therapy to treat Diabetic Kidney Disease. On one hand, the active substance of Chinese herbs can expand the blood vessels and promote blood circulation. In this way, high blood pressure can be effectively controlled. One the other hand, it can help to excrete the wastes and toxins in patients’ body so that the damaged kidney function can be repaired. And if you want to know the definite operating steps about this therapy, you can chat with our Live Doctor.

Dialysis and kidney transplant

If it develops into the End Stage Kidney Disease(ESKD), patients will have to choose dialysis or kidney transplant to prolong their lifespan.

The introduction above is about the treatment of Diabetic Kidney Disease, and patients should choose the proper therapy on the basis of their own condition. And if you still have any question about this disease, please Contact Us to get more help.

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Diabetic Kidney Disease healthy living

A proper treatment is quite important for Diabetic Kidney Disease patients, but it needs patients’ correct daily health care at the same time. Now we will share some good suggestion from the experts with you.

Limit your intake of salt and protein

A low-salt diet is beneficial to lower high blood pressure and relieve the edema. For the patients with kidney failure, they should also limit the intake of protein. This can not only help protect kidney function but also relieve protein in urine. And they should strictly control their daily intake of protein to less than 30~40g. Meanwhile, the food they eat should be nutritious. And some high quality protein like lean meat, fish and milk are recommended to the patients.

Keep proper water intake

As the kidneys have the function of excrete the extra water in body, drinking too much can gain the burden of kidneys. Therefore, patients should limit their daily drinking. In general, the daily water intake of Diabetic Kidney Disease patients should between 1500 to 2000ml.

Control high blood sugar

High blood sugar can lead to decrease of kidney function, so it should be controlled since you have diabetes. In general, The normal blood sugar level with an empty stomach should be less than 6.1mmol/L. If your blood sugar level is beyond the normal, you can choose insulin or some other drugs to lower it.

Have a regular physical examination

As there’s no obvious clinical symptoms in the early stage, the patients should go to the doctor to have physical examination regularly especially the blood sugar level and protein in urine.

In addition, they should also do some exercise, for example, walking, sit-ups, swimming and shadowboxing to prevent the disease.

The above is the introduction of daily care for the Diabetic Kidney Disease patients. And they should take efficient treatment as well as have a good daily care. If you have any question, please talk to our Live Doctor.

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